Varicose veins are fairly common. It is estimated that venous reflux, the primary cause of varicose veins, affects 17% of people in india Many people with varicose veins are aware that the veins on their legs are protruding or bulging, but they are unsure whether this is a problem that requires attention.
“Are painful varicose veins dangerous?” is a frequently asked question. The answer is “no” for the vast majority of people with varicose veins; varicose veins are not dangerous. Although varicose veins can cause pain, aching, tenderness, and itching, these symptoms are rarely life-threatening. Having said that, a small percentage of people with varicose veins will experience complications, some of which can be life-threatening.
External bleeding is a potential complication of varicose veins that can occur when bulging veins are bumped against a blunt object (e.g., the edge of a dishwasher) or punctured with a sharp object (eg. leg shaving). Sometimes bleeding from a varicose vein happens on its own, with no apparent trauma to the area. When people are in the shower, they frequently experience spontaneous bleeding. The hot water causes veins to bulge and dilate, and the increased pressure causes the vein to burst or rupture.
If you experience varicose vein bleeding, apply pressure to the bleeding site with your finger for at least 5-10 minutes until the bleeding stops. If you experience bleeding, it is critical that you seek immediate medical attention because re-bleeding can occur. To control the bleeding, the treating doctor may use a suture or glue, and in some cases, a pressure bandage may be appropriate. To reduce the likelihood of re-bleeding, most patients with varicose vein bleeding will benefit from evaluation and treatment of underlying vein conditions.
CLOTS OF BLOOD
Blood clots are another potential complication of varicose veins. Most blood clots that form in the setting of varicose veins are superficial and do not endanger life or limb. When blood clots form in a varicose vein, the affected area becomes firm, red, warm, and tender. These findings are associated with tissue inflammation, which is the body’s response to the superficial blood clot. Blood clots in the superficial veins are known as superficial thrombophlebitis, which is often abbreviated as phlebitis.
A small minority of patients who develop superficial vein blood clots are at risk of having the clot extend into deeper veins in their legs (deep vein thrombosis – DVT). This is more likely to happen when the superficial clot is close to a connection with the deep veins, and in people who have a proclivity for clot formation. An ultrasound scan is the only way to determine whether a clot is superficial or deep.
WHY DO VARICOSE VEINS OCCUR?
Varicose veins are commonly caused by an underlying vein condition in which the vein valves do not function properly. This is referred to as venous reflux or venous insufficiency. Venous reflux can cause a variety of symptoms such as leg pain, heaviness, fatigue, cramping, and swelling.
ARE THE VEINS OF VARICOSE ITCHY?
Varicose and spider veins are linked to a condition known as stasis dermatitis, which causes dry, itchy skin. If the itching is mild, it can be a nuisance, but many people experience worsening itchiness, to the point where repeated or vigorous itching can cause skin damage. Stasis dermatitis skin changes typically affect the skin just above the ankles.
TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR VARICOSE VEINS
A variety of procedures are available to treat varicose veins. Some of these procedures work indirectly by lowering pressure in the varicose veins, while others work directly by sealing or removing the varicose veins. Although not everyone with varicose veins requires treatment, if you are experiencing symptoms or have sustained complications from varicose veins, it is worthwhile to be evaluated to determine your options.
Varicose Vein bursting can cause bleeding and swelling of veins which is sign of danger or threat for life. At some stages most people are there there will be home remidies but if you have pain then consult doctor and ready for treatment.
Are varicose veins a serious problem?
Varicose veins are not considered a serious medical condition. But, they can be uncomfortable and can lead to more serious problems.
Can varicose veins cause death?
Haemorrhage from rupture of varicose veins in the legs is rare and can lead to sudden death.
What happens if a varicose vein bursts internally?
Internal bleeding from any source can cause dizziness or fainting if enough blood is lost.