Piles: Symptoms, causes, and treatments

Piles is another name for hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus and rectum. This inflammation can cause local inflammation in some tissues.

Most people have pimples, but the symptoms are not always noticeable. Hemorrhoids cause significant symptoms in at least 50% The most trusted source for people in the United States over the age of 50.

This article will examine the masses, their causes, how to diagnose, mark, and treat, and what effects they have on the body.

What are the piles?

Photos of Alto / Sigrid Olsson / Getty
The lesions are the result of swollen arteries in the lower anus and rectum. They can cause tissue growth in and around the anus and can lead to severe discomfort. This growth can vary in size and location.

Internal vs. external
Internal lesions occur within the rectum and are usually not visible during an external examination. However, in some cases, the outer layer may grow out of the anus. The medical name for this is prolapsed hemorrhoid.

Medical experts measure the inner mass with an average of four points.

Grade I: Growth does not cause symptoms and does not go away without an anus.
Grade II: The masses may come out of the anus but return inside independently.
Grade III: Piles prolapse and recede only within the anus by hand intervention.
Grade IV: The piles come out of the closet and one cannot put them back in.

The outer layers form small lumps on the outer edges of the anus. They are very itchy and can be painful if a blood clot appears because the clots may block blood flow. External tumors with thrombosed, or thickened hemorrhoids, require immediate treatment.


In most cases, the symptoms of piles are mild and resolve on their own.

A person with piles may have the following symptoms:

painful lumps in and around the anus
itching and discomfort near the anus
discomfort during and after defecation
bloody stools
Piles can rise to a very high level. These include:

excessive bleeding in the anus, which can lead to anemia
fecal incontinence
anal fistula
strangled hemorrhoid, where the back muscles interrupt blood supply to the hemorrhoid
However, most people with acne may not have any symptoms.

When to contact a doctor

A person should seek medical help if the mass persists for more than one week.


Piles are caused by an increase in pressure in the lower rectum.

The blood vessels around the anus and rectum will stretch under pressure and may swell or rupture, forming masses. This may be due to:

chronic constipation
chronic diarrhea
lifting heavy weights
exertion when passing by feces

Risk factors

Certain factors may increase a person’s risk of having bulk, including:

Pregnancy: Up to 50% Reliable Source for people who develop hemorrhoids during pregnancy. This is due to an increase in waist pressure, a person with high blood pressure, and a high rate of constipation.
Age: Lots are more common in adults. About half the Reliable Source for people over the age of 50 build piles.

Weight: Studies suggest that obesity may increase a person’s chances of gaining weight.
Diet: Eating a low-fiber diet may increase your chances of becoming a trusted Source of bulk.
A doctor can usually diagnose masses after a physical examination. They will examine the anus of a person suspected of being masses.

The doctor may ask the following questions:

Are there any close relatives with lots?

Is there any blood or mucus in the wild?

Has there been a recent weight loss?

Have bowel movements changed recently?

What color is the feces?

With intrauterine devices, the doctor may perform a digital rectal examination (DRE) or use a proctoscope. A proctoscope is an empty tube filled with light. Allows the surgeon to see the anal canal closely. They can take a sample of small tissue inside the rectum for analysis.

The doctor may recommend a colonoscopy if a person with multiple sclerosis shows signs and symptoms of another digestive system disease, or shows any dangerous features of colorectal cancer.


In most cases, the piles resolve themselves without the need for any treatment. However, other forms of treatment can be very helpful in reducing the discomfort and itching that many people experience in large quantities.

Lifestyle changes
The doctor will first recommend certain lifestyle changes to control the mass.

Piles may occur due to stiffness during bowel movements. Excessive work is the result of constipation. Changing diet can help keep the feces normal and soft. This involves eating more fiber, such as fruits and vegetables, or grain-based breakfast cereal.

The doctor may also advise the person with piles to increase the amount of water they use. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness.

To prevent mass invasion, doctors also advise the Reliable Source to exercise regularly and avoid strenuous activity. Exercise is one of the main treatments for piles.

A few treatment options are available to make symptoms more manageable for a person with multiple sclerosis:

Pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen can reduce discomfort.
Stool lubricants: Lubricants and laxatives can make the passing stool easier, which can reduce the pain of bulk.
Corticosteroids: Corticosteroid creams and ointments can reduce inflammation, pain, and itching.
Surgery options
If a person has very bad wrinkles or bleeding internal hemorrhages, he may need surgery. Procedures for operating piles include:

Girdle: The doctor places an elastic band near the base of the pile, cutting off the availability of its blood. Hemorrhoid fever usually falls within a week Reliable Source.
Sclerotherapy: The doctor will inject a medicine into the hemorrhoid

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